Chānakya was an adviser to the firstworks predate
Maurya Emperor (c. 340–293 BCE), and generally considered to be the architect of his rise to power. Chanakya also known as Kauṭilya and Vishnugupta, who authored Indian political treatise called Arthaśāstra . Chanakya to be considered the original father of Political science and economics. In the Western world, he has been referred to as The Indian Machiavelli, although Chanakya's Chandragupta
Chanakya (c.350 - c.275 BC), also known as Anshul or Anshu or Kauṭilya or Vishnugupta was born in a family of Brahmin as the son of
in Pataliputra, Magadh (Modern day Patna, Bihar, India. According to a Jaina tradition, while Chanakya served as the chief administrator of Acharya Chanak , he started adding small amounts of poison in Chandragupta Maurya Chandragupta's food so that he would get used to it. The aim of this was to prevent the Emperor from being poisoned by enemies. One day the queen, Durdha, shared the food with the Emperor while she was pregnant. Since she was not used to eating poisoned food, she died. Chanakya decided that the baby should not die; hence he cut open the belly of the queen and took out the baby. A drop (bindu in Sanskrit) of poison had passed to the baby's head, and hence Chanakya named him Bindusara. Bindusara would go on to become a great king and to father the greatest Mauryan Emperor since Chandragupt - Asoka. Chanakya meanwhile stayed as the administrator of Bindusara. Bindusara also had a minister named Subandhu who did not like Chanakya. One day he told Bindusara that Chanakya was responsible for the murder of his mother. Bindusara asked the nurses who confirmed this story and he became very angry with Chanakya.
|Chanakya pandit the Indian Machiavelli|
It is said that Chanakya, on hearing that the Emperor was angry with him, thought that anyway he was at the end of his life. He donated all his wealth to the poor, widows and orphans and sat on a dung heap, prepared to die by total abstinence from food and drink. Bindusara meanwhile heard the full story of his birth from the nurses and rushed to beg forgiveness of Chanakya. But Chanakya would not change his mind. Bindusara went back and vented his fury on Subandhu, and killed him.
Chanakya after this incident, renounced food and shortly died thereafter. Bindusara revered Chanakya and the loss of his advisor was a considerable