Sunday, April 8, 2012

Lokmanya bal gangadhar tilak


Lokamanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak belongs to the state of Maharashtra. He was born on twenty third of July eighteen hundred fifty six. He belongs to the Brahmin family, his father Gangadhar Pant was a learned scholar. Balgagnadhar�s childhood had been devoted to sankrit verses.  He was the only son of his father , his father worked in the government education department. Within few days Tilak�s mother died and later on his aunty look after the baby. Tilak form his child hood inspired greatly from the heroics of Shivaji and his love for the mother land from the clutches of invaders. He finished his primary education at Ratnagiri , then his father transferred to Pune ,and he continued his education there. He married at the age of fifteen, these were the tradition these days, but sadly after his marriage his father was died. His father had made proper arrangements for his lively hood and for this his brought up never been hindered. Tilak�s uncle Govindrao looked after him, Tilak completed his matriculation and joined the Deccan college at Pune. He was exceptional in mathematics and passed first class in graduation.

Bal�s close friend is Agarkar , belongs to a poor family , but they had their one thing in common , it is the love for their mother land. Bal wanted to liberate India from the clutches of British on the other hand Agarkar wanted to reform the society through modern view points. They spent time in reading, walking and discussing. They had their differences towards the society but it never comes in the blockage to their friendship. They were influenced by their teacher Ranade and two English authors Mill and Spencer. Ranade wanted to spread the literacy and he found two able disciples like Bal and Agarkar.

Tilak�s intelligence has the brilliant of the sun. After teaching almost five years at Pune English School, then both joined Fergusson College. They created awareness in their students and the general public. In the mean time Tilak passed the law examination a started his career as lawyer. He became successful within limited time. Tilak was very sad that Indians are accepting the British rules and no on is opposing it. His paper Kesari became powerful tool, to motivate people. Tilak searched for sense of pride among the fellow Indians and for this he worked day in and out to install the confidence among them. He organised the Ganesh festival to make the base of social issues. He restored Shivaji Samadhi at Raigarh fort where he was crowned. From 1893 to 1895 he was elected as the leader of Pune Municipality and then subsequently to Bombay Municipality and then legislative council. In 1895 he became the secretary of Gokhale by gaining control over Sarvajanik Sabha. Tilak has charismatic personality , people attracted to his speech and belief what he intended to say to them.

In 1897 when the epidemic plague broke out Tilak conveyed this to the people about this dreaded disease and spread awareness among them. He wrote about the cause of disease and the effect and spread awareness of how to treat this disease without pressing the panic button through other basic and useful information. Tilak�s pen was his might and it is like a rod for him. His words angered the British and their army even during the epidemic stormed into the houses of the people show rude behaviour to ladies, throws Lords idol and this creates anger among the citizens. Tilak boldly and fearlessly criticised the atrocities done by the British during theses difficult times. Tilak�s patriotism, courage,boldness, fearlessness, upright character made lovable to the people ,and became popular leader among the Indians.

Tilak was and orthodox Hindu , studied Veda deeply and wrote �The Arctic home of Vedas� are very popular. He also wrote beautiful summaries of Ramayan and the Mahabharat the epics, he believed in the caste systems and orthodox rituals. He was not the supporter to wipe out the unsociability and the prevalent century�s ling cast system. In 1897 his beloved son Vihwanath who was 21 died of plague. Tilak believed that a nation fighting for its freedom had the moral right to use all its means and methods in its struggle. He was supported of some of the extreme measures which can be an eye opener for the ruling British. He considers them arrogant and national boycott is one of the best tools to delete their arrogance. He stressed the need and the significant of boycotting the foreign goods in its entire means. He supported the four point programme for the boycott and to reach at swaraj. Swadeshi, Bopycott, National education and swaraj are the prime pillars to attan the status of swaraj and he tried his best to attain these through various means and achievements. These four point programme became extremely popular and it was being populated by Lala Lajapat Rai , Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Bihari Pal the trio popularly known as the Lal, Bal and Pal and has been immensely popular and followed by many Indians. They considered Swadeshi was the road to freedom. In Bengal people collected the clothes manufactured by Manchester and started to born at the mass fire and that symbolises the sense of Swadeshi among the Indians. They encouraged industrialists to build own and indigenous industries and people to wear the desi clothes Tilak started the Swadeshi cooperative stores ltd and started collecting funds from the people to support this huge movement. He established with the funds collected a glass factory at the Talegaon in Poona. Tilak started the Banaras Hindu University in 1905 and supported for the use of devanagari scripts and that created the Hindi language script which is prevalent today all over Indian and proud among all the Indians living here and abroad. Tilak said through education one can feel the love for its mother land and for this he announced and appealed to every Indians to read the mother tongue and love yours language to its fullest extent.

Tilak firmly believed that the removal poverty would help immensely in building the modern India and for this he supported the use of cotton yarn industries and he frankly did not believe what British said to Congress at those time and this led to the division of Congress among the moderates and the radicals. Tilak and Bipin Bihari Pal are radicals and the moderates groups are that of Gokhale and Mehta who believed there�re should be continuous talk with the British to resolve all t he outstanding issues. Tilak always believed that the self government is his goal and it can be achieved through boycotting the British. He said freedom is ours, if the law is unjust then defy it. Gandhiji later supported the boy cot rule of Tilak and it was immensely popular in the non cooperation movement. In Bengal Bnakim Chandra Chatrjee created the famous Bande Mataram the pwtriotic song and this has became the national song and it inspired many to fight for the motherland to save from the clutches of British. Tilak was arrested on 24 th July 1908 and put the laughable charges of seditions and being kept in the Dongri jail due to two of his wonderful writings �These remedies not lasting� and �the countries misfortune� and slapped a fine of one thousand rupees and six years of prison and deported to Burma in the Manadalay prison.

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